P02F2 Cylinder #5 Injector Circuit Range/Performance
OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description
ASE Certified Automotive Tech
Cylinder #5 Injector Circuit Range/Performance
What does that mean?
The OBD trouble code P02F2 is a generic powertrain code common to all vehicles. Although the code's reference is the same, the repair procedure may vary somewhat with the manufacturer.
This code implies that the powertrain control module (PCM) has experienced an out of range or performance problem involving the fuel injector for the #5 cylinder in the firing order.
In short, this fuel injector is malfunctioning for one of a variety of reasons. It is important to diagnose and repair this type of problem as soon as possible. When a fuel injector malfunctions, it causes ripples down the line, meaning the engine's operating parameters change due to the mixed signals at the PCM.
This type of problem is better addressed as soon as possible to prevent damage to other internal components. A bad fuel injector will effect the spark plug, cause detonation, effects the oxygen sensor and catalytic converter, and several other components as well.
Refer to a vehicle specific repair manual to determine the location of the #5 cylinder for your particular application.
Cross-section diagram of a typical automotive fuel injector (provided by WikipedianProlific):
The symptoms displayed for a P02F2 code may include:
- The check engine light will illuminate and code P02F2 will set
- The engine will run rougher than normal
- A lack of power
- A big drop in fuel economy may result
Possible causes for this DTC include:
- Dirty fuel injector supplying the number two cylinder
- Faulty fuel injector
- Plugged fuel injector
- Open or short in the fuel injector wiring harness
- Faulty electrical harness from the PCM to the injector
- Faulty electrical connector on the fuel injector
- Loose or corroded fuel injector connector
P02F2 Diagnosis / Repair
Generally, this type of problem is either a loose or corroded electrical connector on the injector, a fouled injector (dirty or plugged) or a bad injector needing replacement.
In over 45 years I have found that loose or corroded connectors were the cause of the electrical fault the majority of the time. I have found but a few cases where low voltage wiring became shorted or open (when left undisturbed).
The majority of electrical problems were alternator related, starter solenoid wiring, oxygen sensor wiring due to the close proximity to the exhaust and battery related. The majority of electrical work was correcting customer-installed items such as high-power stereos and other parts or equipment installed incorrectly.
The fuel injectors get their power from the fuel pump relay. The PCM actuates the relay as the key is turned on. This means, as long as the key is on, the injectors have power.
The PCM activates the injector by supplying the ground at the necessary time and for the proper duration.
- Check the connector on the fuel injector. It is a plastic connector secured to the injector with a wire clip around the connector. Pull on the connector to see if it comes off easily. Remove the wire clip and pull the connector off the injector.
- Inspect the harness connector for corrosion or pushed out pins. Make sure the two blades are not bent in the injector itself. Correct any defect and apply dielectric grease and install the electrical connector.
- Start the engine and listen to the injector to ensure it is working. Use a long screwdriver to the injector and the handle to your ear and you can hear it clearly. If it isn't making a highly audible 'clicking' noise, it either has no electrical power to it or it has failed.
- If it was not clicking, pull the connector off the injector and check for power with a voltmeter. No power means the wiring to the fuel pump relay is at fault or has a loose connection. If it has power, probe both terminals on the harness connector and if the PCM injector driver is operating, the voltmeter will indicate rapid pulses. If pulses are seen, replace the injector.
- If the injector was operating, then it is either plugged or dirty. Attempt to clean it first. The kit to flush the injectors is inexpensive and will benefit the remaining injectors, possibly preventing a recurrence. If the flushing fails to solve the problem, the injector needs to be replaced.
Purchase online or from an auto parts store a "direct" injector flushing kit. It will consist of a bottle of high-pressure injector cleaner and a hose with an end for the injector cleaner bottle to thread onto.
- Pull the fuse to the fuel pump.
- Start the vehicle and let it run until it dies from lack of fuel.
- Remove and plug the fuel return line attached to the fuel pressure regulator. This is to prevent the cleaner from returning to the fuel tank.
- Remove the schrader valve in the fuel rail test port. Install the flush kit fuel line to this test port. Thread the high-pressure fuel injection cleaner bottle on the flush kit fuel line.
- Start the engine and allow it to run until it runs out of fuel. It will be running on the cleaner bottle alone.
- When the engine quits, turn the key off and remove the flush kit line and replace the schrader valve. Install the fuel pump fuse.
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