P023F Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit Open
OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description
ASE Certified Technician
Fuel Pump Secondary Circuit/Open
What does that mean?
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to OBD-II equipped vehicles. Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model.
The fuel pump is powered by the fuel pump relay. When the PCM (powertrain control module) activates the fuel pump relay, voltage is supplied to the fuel pump and it pressurizes the fuel system. Some vehicles have a feedback on the fuel pump supply circuit. This is simply a circuit spliced into the voltage feed to the fuel pump. The splice is usually located close to the PCM.
The PCM monitors this feedback circuit to ensure that there is proper voltage being sent to the fuel pump. As it activates the fuel pump relay, it expects to see battery voltage on the feedback circuit. If the PCM sees an open condition with the signal when the fuel pump isn't activated, P023F may set.
Symptoms of a P023F DTC may include:
- MIL (malfunction indicator lamp) illumination
- Fuel pump runs with key off
- Small amount of voltage present on FP (fuel pump) voltage supply circuit due to short
Potential causes of a P023F code include:
- Bad fuel pump relay
- Short to voltage on FP voltage supply circuit or feedback circuit
- Short to ground on PCM
- FP relay control circuit PCM
- FP relay control driver shorted to ground internally
It is possible with a P023F for the fuel pump to be running continuously, even with the ignition off. If that's the case and you can hear the fuel pump running, you may be able to disregard some of the following checks. Turn the KOEO (key on engine off) and wait for a few seconds. This allows the PCM to complete it's fuel pump pre-cycle. Now, using your scan tool (if you have one) observe the FP VOLTAGE FEEDBACK reading in the data stream. This reading indicates what kind of voltage the fuel pump is receiving.
If you don't have access to a scan tool, use a voltmeter to read the FP voltage at the fuel tank. If your reading shows any voltage at all present to the fuel pump with KOEO (or if you can hear the pump running), remove the FP relay. If the voltage remains, or the fuel pump continues to run, then there is a short to voltage on the FP voltage supply circuit or on the feedback circuit. Repair as necessary. If the voltage disappears (or the pump quits running) with the FP relay removed then try replacing the relay with a spare one. Upon reinstalling the spare relay, if the voltage disappears, the relay was faulty due to a short. If, though, after replacing the relay voltage is still present, suspect that the PCM FP relay control circuit is shorted to ground.
Check for a short to ground on the PCM FP relay control (ground driver) circuit by removing the FP relay and ohm between a good ground and the PCM FP relay control. There should be no continuity to ground with KOEO (after the FP pre-cycle is completed). If there is continuity to ground the wire is shorted. Find the short to ground and repair as necessary. If you can find no physical short, It may be necessary to snip the FP relay control wire close to the PCM connector where it will be easy to repair and check for continuity to ground with KOEO coming OUT of the PCM. If there is no continuity the wire is shorted in the harness. But if continuity exists, the driver may be internally shorted to ground and the PCM may require replacement.
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