P00AB IAT Sensor 1 Circuit Malfunction Bank 2
OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description
Intake Air Temperature (IAT) Sensor 1 Circuit Range/Performance Bank 2
What does that mean?
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is a generic powertrain code, which means that it applies to OBD-II equipped vehicles. Although generic, the specific repair steps may vary depending on make/model.
The IAT (Intake Air Temperature) sensor is a thermistor that varies resistance based upon the temperature of the engine intake air. It is typically located in the air intake ductwork and is usually a two wire sensor. One wire is supplied 5 Volt from the PCM (Powertrain Control Module) and the other is a ground. The powertrain control module (PCM) monitors the change in the 5 volt supplied to determine air temperature to run the engine at the most efficient conditions possible at the given temperature.
When the intake air is cold, the resistance is high, resulting in a high signal voltage. Conversely, when the intake air is warm, the resistance is low, resulting in a low signal voltage. This code means that the PCM saw a larger-than-normal change in a shorter-than-expected time on the IAT sensor signal circuit on bank 2. Bank 2 is the side of the engine that does not contain cylinder #1.
Related Bank 2 IAT sensor circuit trouble codes:
- P00AA Intake Air Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit Bank 2
- P00AC Intake Air Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit Low Bank 2
- P00AD Intake Air Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit High Bank 2
- P00AE Intake Air Temperature Sensor 1 Circuit Intermittent/Erratic Bank 2
Since this code is likely pointing to an intermittent problem on the IAT circuit, there may not be any symptoms at present. However, the MIL will likely be on. The car MAY exhibit some drivability problems, but it is more likely that there will be no noticeable symptoms to the driver.
Potential causes of the P00AB DTC include:
- a bad bank 2 IAT sensor
- an open in the signal or ground circuit
- a short to ground on the signal circuit
- poor connection at sensor or PCM
If there are other IAT codes present, diagnose them first. If not, then, using a scan tool verify the IAT voltage with KOEO (Key on engine off).
If, on a cold engine it reads the same as the CTS (Coolant temperature sensor), then the problem is intermittent. But if the IAT reading isn't the same as the CTS refer to diagnostic procedure for P0110. If your scan tool has a freeze frame failure records feature, use it to see what the IAT reading was at the time of the failure. If the reading was at negative 30 or so degrees F (indicating it was at the extreme coldest reading), then there was an intermittent high resistance reading on the IAT signal circuit.
Check for an open ground on the ground circuit and signal circuit. If they are OK, try raising and lowering the temperature of the IAT sensor artificially. Do this by removing the IAT and putting it in a freezer and then applying heat with a heat gun (be careful not to apply too much heat to the IAT with the heat gun or it'll melt the sensor). Watch the resistance change using an ohmmeter attached to each terminal. It should vary smoothly with no sudden jumps. If the reading jumps suddenly, then replace the IAT sensor.
However if the freeze frame reading was at the highest extreme (above 250 deg. F) then there was an intermittent low resistance on the signal circuit. Check for a short to ground on the signal circuit. If it appears OK, then do the above artificial heat test and replace the IAT as necessary. If the problem can't be duplicated, use a voltmeter to watch the signal voltage as you "wiggle" test the wiring harness. Watch for a sudden change in voltage indicating a short or open. Replace IAT as necessary.
This is a pretty simple code and it only really looks for extremely short changes that are relatively high in voltage. It's usually the sensor that is bad unless the vehicle is extremely old, in which case there may be harness problems.
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